Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous unit, which is composed of the hair follicle and sebaceous gland. Inadequate shedding of dead skin cells plugs hair follicles, causing inflammation and an increased concentration of normal skin bacteria. The process of acne vulgaris causes scarring. Some acne treatments, however, may cause side effects. A doctor may prescribe a medication to help the skin heal.
There are three major categories of acne: mild, moderate, and severe. Severe cases may be accompanied by scarring. Treatment for acne vulgaris varies widely, from over-the-counter medications to in-office procedures. Here are some tips on the treatment of acne vulgaris. The mainstays of acne treatment are topical, oral, and systemic therapies. Read on for more information on mild, moderate, and severe cases.
Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory condition of the skin that can affect men and women. It is caused by clogged hair follicles and is the main cause of acne. Most commonly affected areas are the face, chest, shoulders, and back. Severe cases may develop cysts or nodules, which are larger and more solid than pimples. Acne vulgaris treatment should be based on the severity of the condition.
Some treatments for acne vulgaris may take several weeks or months. Some treatments may be effective immediately while others will require maintenance therapy over several years. For example, isotretinoin has been shown to reduce acne vulgaris by 50%, and some people may experience permanent results. However, acne vulgaris is not a cure for acne. In addition, it is not a good candidate for a laser treatment. It is important to consult a doctor who understands your specific case and will prescribe the best treatment for your needs.
Topical treatments for acne vulgaris are highly effective, but topical antibiotics are often necessary to reduce the risk of resistance. A low-glycemic diet and avoidance of fatty and sugary foods are nonpharmacologic measures for acne vulgaris management. Similarly, skim milk has been shown to help with the condition. A dermatologist can also recommend acne treatment. However, if the condition does not respond to a topical medication, systemic antibiotics should be considered.
Some severe cases of acne can result in scarring and nodules. When hair follicles become clogged, the bacteria in the sebaceous glands begin to produce oil. This oil is called sebum. If the sebaceous glands are clogged, acne will develop. The sebaceous glands are located under the skin’s surface. Besides producing oil, sebum also helps moisturize the skin.